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【 語文 】「家」字延伸學習:「家」字其他的用法和含意|思展圖書

「家」字延伸學習 Chinese vocabulary study of 家


One of the first characters taught in the Basic Chinese 500 course is 家. This is a word that is very relatable to a child. While its basic meaning is “home” or “family”, this character has a much broader use.


家   豬


豕,本來就是指豬。(現代「豬」字右邊的「者」是後來加上去的。) 豬為我們的先祖提供了食物的基本保障,因此古人認為光是頭頂有蓋並不足夠,必須要養有一頭豬,才能算是築起了個家。

家 shares a common part with 豬 (pig): 豕。This part originally means “pig”. The  者 on the right side of the modern-day character 豬 was added at a later time. Pig provided food security to our ancestors. As a result, they believed that having a roof above our heads was not enough to build a home. One also needs a pig.




「家」的重要性 The importance of 家

子曰: 修身、齊家、治國、平天下。

We have the saying “ 修身、齊家、治國、平天下 ” (from Confucius) which sets out the priorities in one’s journey of self cultivation and life achievement:

  • 修身 Cultivate one’s moral character;
  • 齊家 Manage one’s household in an orderly manner;
  • 治國 Rule the country well;
  • 平天下 Bring peace to the world.

家 being second in the sequence makes it of great importance to our life-long practice.

「家」的其他含意 Beyond the basic meaning


家 means a specialist or an expert. Below are some examples

  • 專家 (specialist)
  • 畫家 (painter)
  • 音樂家 (musician)
  • 科學家 (scientist)
  • 政治家 (politician)
  • 作家 (writer)

家 as a classifier (量詞)


家 is also a classifier. It is used for counting shops, companies, or families. For example,

  • 一家戲院 (1 cinema)
  • 兩家人家 (2 families)
  • 三家餐廳 (3 restaurants)
  • 四家公司 (4 companies)
  • 五家醫院 (5 hospitals)

Being such a useful word, it is no wonder that it is taught in the very first book of Beginning Reader of the Basic Chinese 500 course.

「家」字書寫學習 | 思展圖書
「家」字《基礎漢字500課程》 | 思展圖書

延伸學習 Extended learning


It is obviously important for your child to do regular revision of what they have learnt. Once they have accumulated more characters, they can expand their vocabulary easily by combining what they have learnt already. Take the character 家 as an example, it can form many words by combing with other characters that are taught in the course. Below is a list for your reference.

課程以內的詞組 Words within the course

  • 家用 housekeeping money
  • 家長 parent(s)
  • 家人 (one’s) family
  • 家事 domestic affairs
  • 家長會 parent-teacher association, parent-teacher meeting
  • 人家 other people, someone else (he, she, they), I (me) (*this is a rather complicated expression)
  • 住家 residence, household
  • 一家 the whole family
  • 全家 the whole family
  • 行家 expert, connoisseur, veteran
  • 出家 to become a monk or nun
  • 到家 to become proficient, excellent
  • 自家 own self
  • 老家 place of origin
  • 國家 a nation
  • 東家 boss, landlord
  • 成家 to get married and settle down
  • 想家 homesick
  • 大家 everyone

課程以外的詞組 Words beyond the course


Below is a list of more words containing the character 家. You might be interested to teach your children.

  • 家庭 a family
  • 家鄉 hometown
  • 家俱 furniture
  • 家務 housework
  • 家族 family, clan
  • 世家 aristocratic family
  • 舉家 the whole family
  • 管家 butler
  • 私家 private
  • 皇家 imperial household
  • 持家 to manage a household
  • 抄家 to search and confiscate all belongings of a household
  • 贏家 the winner
  • 敗家 to ruin all family fortune
  • 儒家 Confucian thoughts
  • 公家 civil

遊戲練習紙 Practice sheets


Below are 2 worksheets that your child could practice writing, comprehension and reading out loud. Please feel free to download.

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