【 語文 】「家」字延伸學習:「家」字其他的用法和含意|思展圖書

「家」字延伸學習 Chinese vocabulary study of 家

「家」是一個會意字。是和孩子息息相關,最貼身的一個字,在基礎漢字500課程的第一冊就出現了。除了最基本的意思之外,「家」還有不少其他的用法和含意。

One of the first characters taught in the Basic Chinese 500 course is 家. This is a word that is very relatable to a child. While its basic meaning is “home” or “family”, this character has a much broader use.

讓我們來看兩個字:

家   豬

你會發現這兩個字有一個共同的部件:

豕,本來就是指豬。(現代「豬」字右邊的「者」是後來加上去的。) 豬為我們的先祖提供了食物的基本保障,因此古人認為光是頭頂有蓋並不足夠,必須要養有一頭豬,才能算是築起了個家。

家 shares a common part with 豬 (pig): 豕。This part originally means “pig”. The  者 on the right side of the modern-day character 豬 was added at a later time. Pig provided food security to our ancestors. As a result, they believed that having a roof above our heads was not enough to build a home. One also needs a pig.

起初的「家」字,屋蓋下面是一頭豬。

演變、簡化。

演變成現在的「家」字。

「家」的重要性 The importance of 家

子曰: 修身、齊家、治國、平天下。
一級級遞進的修為之道。家,僅次於自身,可見家的重要性。

We have the saying “ 修身、齊家、治國、平天下 ” (from Confucius) which sets out the priorities in one’s journey of self cultivation and life achievement:

  • 修身 Cultivate one’s moral character;
  • 齊家 Manage one’s household in an orderly manner;
  • 治國 Rule the country well;
  • 平天下 Bring peace to the world.

家 being second in the sequence makes it of great importance to our life-long practice.

「家」的其他含意 Beyond the basic meaning

「家」有「專家」的含意,比如以下的名稱:

家 means a specialist or an expert. Below are some examples

  • 專家 (specialist)
  • 畫家 (painter)
  • 音樂家 (musician)
  • 科學家 (scientist)
  • 政治家 (politician)
  • 作家 (writer)

家 as a classifier (量詞)

「家」也是一個量詞,用來數商店、公司、門戶。以下是一些例子。

家 is also a classifier. It is used for counting shops, companies, or families. For example,

  • 一家戲院 (1 cinema)
  • 兩家人家 (2 families)
  • 三家餐廳 (3 restaurants)
  • 四家公司 (4 companies)
  • 五家醫院 (5 hospitals)

Being such a useful word, it is no wonder that it is taught in the very first book of Beginning Reader of the Basic Chinese 500 course.

「家」字書寫學習 | 思展圖書
「家」字《基礎漢字500課程》 | 思展圖書

延伸學習 Extended learning

溫故而知新,當孩子學習得一段時期,累積了一定的字詞量,就可以重溫一些過往學過的字,再把這些字結合起來,就可以學到很多新鮮的詞。這是一個很有效增加詞彙庫的方法。以下我們就來看看一些由「家」和其他課程中的字組成的詞吧。

It is obviously important for your child to do regular revision of what they have learnt. Once they have accumulated more characters, they can expand their vocabulary easily by combining what they have learnt already. Take the character 家 as an example, it can form many words by combing with other characters that are taught in the course. Below is a list for your reference.

課程以內的詞組 Words within the course

  • 家用 housekeeping money
  • 家長 parent(s)
  • 家人 (one’s) family
  • 家事 domestic affairs
  • 家長會 parent-teacher association, parent-teacher meeting
  • 人家 other people, someone else (he, she, they), I (me) (*this is a rather complicated expression)
  • 住家 residence, household
  • 一家 the whole family
  • 全家 the whole family
  • 行家 expert, connoisseur, veteran
  • 出家 to become a monk or nun
  • 到家 to become proficient, excellent
  • 自家 own self
  • 老家 place of origin
  • 國家 a nation
  • 東家 boss, landlord
  • 成家 to get married and settle down
  • 想家 homesick
  • 大家 everyone

課程以外的詞組 Words beyond the course

以下是更多「家」字的詞組,適合年紀較大的孩子學習。

Below is a list of more words containing the character 家. You might be interested to teach your children.

  • 家庭 a family
  • 家鄉 hometown
  • 家俱 furniture
  • 家務 housework
  • 家族 family, clan
  • 世家 aristocratic family
  • 舉家 the whole family
  • 管家 butler
  • 私家 private
  • 皇家 imperial household
  • 持家 to manage a household
  • 抄家 to search and confiscate all belongings of a household
  • 贏家 the winner
  • 敗家 to ruin all family fortune
  • 儒家 Confucian thoughts
  • 公家 civil

遊戲練習紙 Practice sheets

以下的練習紙,可供不同年紀和水平的小朋友練習書寫、理解和認讀。歡迎下載。

Below are 2 worksheets that your child could practice writing, comprehension and reading out loud. Please feel free to download.

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

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很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員。歡迎你也加入我們,一起互相鼓勵和支持,共同為孩子的學習而努力。

Many parents are already part of our Facebook Group. If you’d like to take advantage of the collective wisdom of your fellow parents, please join us.

We’d love to hear from you.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2022 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2022 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2022 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

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