長大一歲 Nominal age

《童心童真》漫畫小故事,是孩子能自己讀、自己笑的溫情故事。

用自己學會認讀的字,慢慢學習獨立閱讀,同時吸收各種百科常識:經典、歷史、天文、科學…… 識字和閱讀,是終身學習的工具。

從簡短的故事開始,慢慢就能養成閱讀的習慣和專注力。

爸爸和媽媽也一起來,讀一讀、笑一笑、談一談… 感受親子的樂趣,讓美好時光,永留在孩子的印象之中。


Start to read independently with these short comic stories, all written in characters that the child has learnt from Basic Chinese 500 course. The stories in this series include history, classic, language learning, science, humour, and more.

Each story comes with some background information. It would be a great opportunity for parents to engage children in related discussions.

你聽過「虛齡 (虛歲)」、「實齡」、「周歲」這些說法吧。其中的分別是甚麼?哪個最有科學性?趁着過年,正好可以和孩子一起研究一下這回事。

現在我們在計算法定年齡時,以出生為0歲,然後每過一次生日加一歲。「周歲」的算法也是這樣。

而中國傳習俗採用「虛歲」。虛歲的計算方式是:出生就算一歲,然後每次過年 (正月初一) 便增一歲。這種算法可以說是將母親懷胎十月的時間也算進去,當一年。

要是不習慣用虛歲,有時會感到很疑惑:假如有兩個人,一個在年初 (例如大年初五) 出生,另一個在同年的年底 (例如年廿八) 出生,他們都會算是一歲,但實際上相差了一年。等到過了大年初一,兩人都算是兩歲,可是年底出生的那個人其實只有幾天大。 

所以虛歲和實齡之間會相差 1-2年。

無論是虛歲或是實齡,都是標示年齡的方法。但卻不能像故事中的妹妹那樣,將兩種算法結合起來一起算喔~。

You  might have been confused by how Chinese (and some other East Asian, such as Korean) speak of their age. In China, there exists the nominal age system which has a long tradition and is still in used today.

When we speak of our legal (actual) age, we start at zero year old at birth, and gain one year on each subsequent birthday. In China, this is also how legal age is calculated.

With nominal age, the baby is 1 year old at birth and gains 1 year at the first day of each subsequent Chinese New Year. You can think of it as life begins at conception.

The use of nominal age can be confusing for someone who is not used to it. Imagine two babies, one being born at the beginning of the year (say, the 5th day of the Chinese new year) and the other at the end of the year (e.g. 3 days before the end of the same Chinese lunar year). They would both be considered as 1 year old, even though they are in fact almost one year apart. Then on the first day of the Chinese new year, they both turn 2, when in fact the younger one would only be several days old.

There can be a difference of 1-2 years between one’s nominal age and their actual age.

Both age systems are commonly used in China, even nowadays. However, the two should not be used in combination, like how Little Sister did in the story.

繁體版
Traditional Chinese version

简体版
Simplified Chinese version